Sunday, April 28, 2013

Homebrew Solder Fume Extraction System

Over the past year I have been slowly building a solder fume extraction system. It has been a slow project because there was no real push for it. I have been doing a lot of soldering lately and decided that it was time to wrap it up and blog about it.

This system is based upon a vacuum cleaner. I am using a vacuum that goes by the trade name Shop-Vac. They are well known for their tremendous reliability on construction sites and other rough applications. I chose this vacuum because I assumed it would be up to the task of extended run times under medium to high load.

Here are a couple of pictures of the completed system:
The lab side of the completed fume extractor.
The garage side of the fume extraction system.
Here is a video demonstration:

This system has gone through three phases. It all started with my original idea to use a central vacuum. Unfortunately this did not work out so well. The vacuum was extremely loud. I purchased the vacuum second hand and it ended up failing. The shop owner at Parkdale Vacuum exchanged the vacuum for my current detachable hose. He was very accommodating and this hose plays an integral part in my system.

The second phase was replacing the vacuum with a Shop-Vac. This new vacuum was quieter and provided ample suction. At this point I switched on the vacuum by running outside and switching it on. It was rather inconvenient but it served my needs for the small amount of soldering I was doing.

The final phase was adding in the remote control switch. I have taken pictures of the electronics that I used to complete this portion of the project. The control system is based upon a relay controlled outlet. I used two outdoor receptacle boxes, a GFCI outlet, a toggle switch, a relay and a small 6V transformer.

Relay Switch Supplies
I was able to find a suitable transformer in my Professor Farnsworth box of "Assorted Lengths of Wire".

First I wired up the relay to control the hot and neutral lines of the mains voltage. The relay that I purchased was double pole, double throw so I decided to switch both. The coil voltage on this relay is 6VDC which is perfect for transmission along the pair of wires that run from the lab into the garage.

Relay Control Wiring
The relay and GFCI just barely fit into the dual ganged receptacle box! You can see that I have added the control wire in the picture below.
Packaged Relay and GFCI
I have sealed the entire box up using a Decora wall plate. I added a very nice industrial grade male plug and tightened the grommet that enters the receptacle box.
Decora Cover and Male Plug Attached
The relay controlled outlet is mounted in the garage. The next step is to create the simple box that toggles the relay from inside the lab. The wiring is very simple: 6VDC comes in on the black pair and exits on the brown pair.

Toggle Switch Box

Switch Mounted, Grommet Tightened
The final step was to mount the switch on the wall and route the cables neatly.

Mounted Switch :) Looks nice next to the air inlet.
Here is another glamour shot of the system for good measure.

Switch Mounted and Desk Organized
I have decided to go "low-tech" and exclude microcontrollers from this project. I had (as usual) big plans to make it web controlled, but I didn't want to put in so much effort for something this simple. The only complaint that I have is that the system is somewhat loud. This could be remedied by installing a hose with a wider input nozzle.

It is important to note that a system of this nature could pose a safety risk if extracting flammable fumes. I only use this while soldering and hot gluing to keep the odor and toxins out of the house.

Thanks for reading!


  1. Neato, I've been thinking of doing something similar over my welding table. Question: what is the important role the hose plays? I may have missed the point of it.

    1. The hose is what I use to move the source of vacuum down to where I work. Most commercial fume extractors have an aluminum arm for this sort of thing.

  2. have you thought of building some sort of automated solder sucker using the vacuum power

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  4. Soldering Fume Extractor manufacturershave suction capacity of 250 CMH to 8000 CMH which can control all types of hazardous fumes that comes out while soldering like dip tinning, wave soldering, etc. A single large-sized unit can be used to control multiple soldering stations.

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